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English-speakers occasionally refer to anime as '''Japanimation''', but this term has fallen into disuse.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/lexicon.php?id=46|title=ANN: Japanimation|date=|publisher=Anime News Network|accessdate=2007-11-11|work=}}</ref> ''Japanimation'' saw the most usage during the 1970s and 1980s, but the term ''anime'' supplanted it in the mid-1990s as the material became more widely known in English-speaking countries.<ref name="bookref2">{{cite book|last=Patten|first=Fred|title=Watching Anime, Reading Manga: 25 Years of Essays and Reviews|publisher=Stone Bridge Press|year=2004|isbn=1880656922}}</ref> In general, the term now only appears in nostalgic contexts.<ref name="bookref2" /> Although the term was coined outside Japan to refer to animation imported from Japan, it is now used primarily ''in'' Japan, to refer to domestic animation; since ''anime'' does not identify the country of origin in Japanese usage, ''Japanimation'' is used to distinguish Japanese work from that of the rest of the world.<ref name="bookref2" />
 
English-speakers occasionally refer to anime as '''Japanimation''', but this term has fallen into disuse.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/lexicon.php?id=46|title=ANN: Japanimation|date=|publisher=Anime News Network|accessdate=2007-11-11|work=}}</ref> ''Japanimation'' saw the most usage during the 1970s and 1980s, but the term ''anime'' supplanted it in the mid-1990s as the material became more widely known in English-speaking countries.<ref name="bookref2">{{cite book|last=Patten|first=Fred|title=Watching Anime, Reading Manga: 25 Years of Essays and Reviews|publisher=Stone Bridge Press|year=2004|isbn=1880656922}}</ref> In general, the term now only appears in nostalgic contexts.<ref name="bookref2" /> Although the term was coined outside Japan to refer to animation imported from Japan, it is now used primarily ''in'' Japan, to refer to domestic animation; since ''anime'' does not identify the country of origin in Japanese usage, ''Japanimation'' is used to distinguish Japanese work from that of the rest of the world.<ref name="bookref2" />
   
In Japan, manga can additionally refer to both animation and comics (although the use of ''manga'' to refer to animation is mostly restricted to non-fans). Among English speakers, manga usually has the stricter meaning of "Japanese comics". An alternate explanation is that it is due to the prominence of Manga Entertainment, a distributor of anime to the US and UK markets. Because Manga Entertainment originated in the UK the use of the term is common outside of Japan. The term "animanga" has been used to collectively refer to anime and manga, though it is also a term used to describe comics produced from animation cels.
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In Japan, manga can additionally refer to both animation and comics (although the use of ''manga'' to refer to animation is mostly restricted to non-fans).{{Fact|date=February 2008}} Among English speakers, manga usually has the stricter meaning of "Japanese comics".{{Fact|date=February 2008}} An alternate explanation is that it is due to the prominence of [[Manga Entertainment]], a distributor of anime to the US and UK markets. Because Manga Entertainment originated in the UK the use of the term is common outside of Japan.{{Fact|date=February 2008}} The term "[[animanga]]" has been used to collectively refer to anime and manga, though it is also a term used to describe comics produced from animation cels.{{Fact|date=May 2009}}
   
 
== Visual characteristics ==
 
== Visual characteristics ==
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