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Hayao Miyazaki

Hayao Miyazaki.jpg
Hayao Miyazaki (宮崎 駿, Miyazaki Hayao)
Birthdate January 5, 1941
Birthplace Bunkyō, Tokyo, Japan
Gender Male
Nationality Japanese
Affiliation Studio Ghibli
Occupation Director
  • Artist
  • Writer

Hayao Miyazaki (宮崎 駿 Miyazaki Hayao, born January 5, 1941) is a Japanese manga artist and prominent film director and animator of many popular anime feature films. Through a career that has spanned nearly fifty years, Miyazaki has attained international acclaim as a maker of animated feature films and, along with Isao Takahata, co-founded Studio Ghibli, a film and animation studio. The success of Miyazaki's films has invited comparisons with American animator Walt Disney, British animator Nick Park and Robert Zemeckis.

Born in Bunkyō, Tokyo, Miyazaki began his animation career in 1961, when he joined Toei Animation. From there, Miyazaki worked as an in-between artist for Gulliver's Travels Beyond the Moon where he pitched his own ideas that eventually became the movie's ending. He continued to work in various roles in the animation industry over the decade until he was able to direct his first feature film Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro which was released in 1979. After the success of his next film, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), he co-founded Studio Ghibli where he continued to produce many feature films until his temporary retirement in 1997 following Princess Mononoke (1997).

While Miyazaki's films have long enjoyed both commercial and critical success in Japan, he remained largely unknown to the West until Miramax Films released Princess Mononoke. Princess Mononoke was the highest-grossing film in Japan—until it was eclipsed by another 1997 film, Titanic — and the first animated film to win Picture of the Year at the Japanese Academy Awards. Miyazaki returned to animation with Spirited Away (2001). The film topped Titanic's sales at the Japanese box office, also won Picture of the Year at the Japanese Academy Awards and was the first anime film to win an American Academy Award.

Miyazaki's films often contain recurrent themes like humanity's relationship with nature and technology, and the difficulty of maintaining a pacifist ethic. The protagonists of his films are often strong, independent girls or young women. While two of his films, The Castle of Cagliostro and Castle in the Sky (1986), involve traditional villains, his other films like Nausicaä and Princess Mononoke present morally ambiguous antagonists with redeeming qualities. He recently co-wrote the film The Secret World of Arrietty (2010), which was released in July 2010 in Japan and February 2012 in the United States. Miyazaki's later films — Howl's Moving Castle (2004), Ponyo (2008), and The Wind Rises (2013) — also enjoyed critical and commercial success. Following the release of The Wind Rises, Miyazaki announced another retirement from feature films, though he returned to work on a new short film in 2016 titled Boro the Caterpillar.

In October 2017, Miyazaki announced he was coming out of retirement again to adapt the 1937 novel Kimi-tachi wa Dou Ikiru ka? (How Do You Live?) by Genzaburou Yoshino into a full-length feature film. He began drawing storyboards prior to receiving approval from Studio Ghibli.[1] As of November 2021, the film title hadn't been confirmed.[2]


See also[]

  • Satoshi Kon
  • Makoto Shinkai

External links[]