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A Yonkoma is a four panel vertical gag comic strip. This format is used by mangas such as Lucky Star, Azumanga Daioh or K-On!.

Yonkoma appears in many publications in Japan, such as magazines newspapers and graphic novels. More serious series such as in Death Note have used yonkoma strips to add non-canonical humor in places like extra volumes or at the end of canonical chapters.

Structure[edit | edit source]

Panels are usually equal in size and read from top to bottom.

Traditionally the story is given in kishōtenketsu format. Kishōtenketsu is a compound of four Chinese words:

Ki 1st panel Introduction
Shō 2nd panel Development
Ten 3rd panel Plot twist
Ketsu 4th panel Conclusion.
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